552. Student Attendance Record II

1. Questions

An attendance record for a student can be represented as a string where each character signifies whether the student was absent, late, or present on that day. The record only contains the following three characters:

  • 'A': Absent.
  • 'L': Late.
  • 'P': Present.

Any student is eligible for an attendance award if they meet both of the following criteria:

  • The student was absent ('A') for strictly fewer than 2 days total.
  • The student was never late ('L') for 3 or more consecutive days.

Given an integer n, return the number of possible attendance records of length n that make a student eligible for an attendance award. The answer may be very large, so return it modulo 109 + 7.

2. Examples

Example 1:

Input: n = 2
Output: 8
Explanation: There are 8 records with length 2 that are eligible for an award:
"PP", "AP", "PA", "LP", "PL", "AL", "LA", "LL"
Only "AA" is not eligible because there are 2 absences (there need to be fewer than 2).

Example 2:

Input: n = 1
Output: 3

Example 3:

Input: n = 10101
Output: 183236316

3. Constraints

  • 1 <= n <= 105

4. References

来源:力扣(LeetCode) 链接:https://leetcode-cn.com/problems/student-attendance-record-ii 著作权归领扣网络所有。商业转载请联系官方授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

5. Solutions

官方的dp

class Solution {
    public int checkRecord(int n) {
        final int MOD = 1000000007;
        int[][][] dp = new int[n + 1][2][3]; // 长度,A 的数量,结尾连续 L 的数量
        dp[0][0][0] = 1;
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            // 以 P 结尾的数量
            for (int j = 0; j <= 1; j++) {
                for (int k = 0; k <= 2; k++) {
                    dp[i][j][0] = (dp[i][j][0] + dp[i - 1][j][k]) % MOD;
                }
            }
            // 以 A 结尾的数量
            for (int k = 0; k <= 2; k++) {
                dp[i][1][0] = (dp[i][1][0] + dp[i - 1][0][k]) % MOD;
            }
            // 以 L 结尾的数量
            for (int j = 0; j <= 1; j++) {
                for (int k = 1; k <= 2; k++) {
                    dp[i][j][k] = (dp[i][j][k] + dp[i - 1][j][k - 1]) % MOD;
                }
            }
        }
        int sum = 0;
        for (int j = 0; j <= 1; j++) {
            for (int k = 0; k <= 2; k++) {
                sum = (sum + dp[n][j][k]) % MOD;
            }
        }
        return sum;
    }
}
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